This picture shows the important contributors in the ecosystem of the coral reef. Plankton are the Producers. Producers produce their own food. They do this by getting light from the sun and converting the sun’s energy, carbon dioxide and water to create food. This process is called photosynthesis. Phytoplankton also know as algae, is important to the food web of the coral reef because it produces 50% of the world’s oxygen in the air.
Next are the primary consumers. The primary consumers are also known as herbivores. They eat only plants. After the primary consumers are the secondary consumers. These animals eat the primary consumers. They are carnivores.
Decomposers complete the final stop in the food web. A decomposers job is to break down nutrients in the “dead” stuff and then return it back into the food chain cycle.